Hilmi OJ, White PS, McGurty DW, Oluwole M. Bronchoscopy training: is simulated surgery effective?. Clinical Otolaryngology & Allied Sciences. Aug2002;27(4):267-9,


Intensive surgical skills courses have become an essential part of surgical skill acquisition for surgeons in training. There is a need to monitor the value of these courses in terms of skill attainment. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of skills-laboratory-based training in rigid bronchoscopy and bronchial foreign body removal. Bronchoscopies were recorded, analysed and categorized by a single observer according to time to completion and four predetermined parameters of surgical error. An overall quality score was obtained by simple summation of the number of errors and determined as acceptable or unacceptable (scoring 0 or 1 respectively). The data was analysed using a t-test for paired groups.