Schmidt A, Hohensee C. SATIS ethics ranking of universities in Germany regarding animal use in education. ALTEX. 2011;28(3):243-4

PMID: 22096809


SAtIS (latin: enough!) – the humane education project of Peo-ple for Animal Rights Germany (PARG) – performed the first of its kind ethics ranking to assess the use of animals and need for alternatives in education and to create a guideline for high-school graduates and students, which is accessible at We used a questionnaire-based telephone survey and called the responsible teachers for each course related to animal use at each faculty for biology, medicine and veterinary medicine in Germany to ask which animals or alternatives are used in practical classes and whether students have the possibil-ity of conscientious objection. A university ranking was then established by means of specific ethical criteria.

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Link to journal: ALTEX - Alternatives to Animal Experimentation