Maria Garcia RC, Jukes N, Bones V, Gebara R, Freitas de Almeida Souza M, Reque Ruiz VR, Alonso L, Tréz T, Tostes Oliveira S, Rocha AA, Alves G, Leal Paixão R, Cassia Alves Alcântara Menezes R, Dias C, Levy Andersen M, Gasparetto D, Capilé K, Matera JM, Bachinski R. Brazil starts to ban animal use in higher education: A positive and progressive development. Altern Lab Anim. 2018 Sep;46(4):235-239

PMID: 30365336


The Brazilian government has published a resolution that bans animal use in some practical classes within undergraduate and high school technical education from April 2019. Resolution No. 38/2018, issued by the National Council for the Control of Animal Experimentation (CONCEA), bans the killing of animals for dissection purposes and animal experiments in practical classes that do not involve the acquisition of new skills. The initial call for the ban was by the Brazilian Network for Humane Education (RedEH), an independent body comprising Brazilian professors and international collaborators dedicated to the implementation of replacement alternatives in education. The call was supported by InterNICHE, and many professors and other international organisations. The Brazilian Council of Veterinary Medicine, which is responsible for regulating the veterinary profession in Brazil, also stated its support for humane education and for the ban. The call was the first formal request, and it eventually led to the first legal resolution for the replacement of animal use in education in Brazil. This represents an important historic landmark in the advancement of science education.