Aurich LA, Silva Junior LF, Monteiro FM, Ottoni AN, Jung GS, and Ramina R. Microsurgical training model with nonliving swine head. Alternative for neurosurgical education.Acta Cir Bras.2014 Jun;29(6):405-9.

PMID: 24919051


This paper proposes a practical model of microneurosurgical training using a nonliving swine head.

Fresh porcine heads were obtained from butchery and dissected at our Laboratory of Microsurgery. Brain and skull base surgery were trained under microscopic magnification.

Several neurosurgical procedures could be simulated in the nonliving pig model, including transcallosal approach to the lateral ventricle, lateral sulcus and middle fossa dissection, and posterior fossa surgery.

The swine model perfectly simulates standard microneurosurgical procedures, and is a useful tool for developing and refining surgical skills.