• Verma SP, Dailey SH, McMurray JS, Jiang JJ, and McCulloch TM. Implementation of a program for surgical education in laryngology. Laryngoscope.2010 Nov;120(11):2241-6.
  • Verner L, Oleynikov D, Holtmann S, Haider H, Zhukov L. Measurements of the level of surgical expertise using flight path analysis from da Vinci robotic surgical system. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2003;94:373-8
  • Vikas PH, John NW, et al. Technical skills continue to improve beyond surgical training. Journal of vascular surgery:official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American. 2006; 43(3): 539-545.
  • Ville Y, Cooper M, Revel A, Frydman R, Nicolaides K. Development of a training model for ultrasound-guided invasive procedures in fetal medicine. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Mar; 5(3):180-183
  • Vinardell MP, Mitjans M. Alternatives to Animals in Physiology Laboratory Classes: State of the Art in Faculties of Pharmacy in Spain. Poster session presented at: Alternatives in the Mainstream: Innovations in Life Science Education and Training. 2nd InterNICHE Conference; 2005 May 12-15; Oslo, Norway
  • Viruete Cisneros SA, Murillo Dueñas CT, Sierra Guerrero O, Lopez Rubio DM, Robles Gomez H. Strategies for replacement in the medical physiology laboratory in Centro Universitario de la Costa (Puerto Vallarta) of Universidad de Guadalajara [abstract]. ALTEX. 2011;28(Special Issue):224. Abstract 487.
  • Visa J, and Nadal M. Surgical training using live animals:can it be justified? IACUC's authority. Lab Anim (NY).2007 Apr;36(4):15.
  • Vlaovic PD, and McDougall EM. New age teaching: beyond didactics. Scientific World Journal.2006 Mar 8;6:2370-80.
  • Vogelgesang S, Karplus T, Kreiter C. An instructional program to facilitate teaching joint/soft-tissue injection and aspiration. J Gen Intern Med. 2002 Jun; 17(6):441-445
  • Vogt C, Gervasoni D, Grezel D, Morales A. Surgical training applied to experimentation: a course without the use of live animals [abstract]. ALTEX. 2011;28(Special Issue):218. Abstract 701.
  • von Lubitz DK, Carrasco B, Gabbrielli F, Ludwig T, Levine H, Patricelli F, Poirier C, Richir S. Transatlantic medical education: preliminary data on distance-based high-fidelity human patient simulation training. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2003;94:379-85
  • Vozenilek J, Huff JS, Reznek M, and Gordon JA. See one, do one, teach one: advanced technology in medical education. Acad Emerg Med.2004 Nov;11(11):1149-54.
  • Vuchkova J, Maybury TS, and Farah CS. Testing the educational potential of 3D visualization software in oral radiographic interpretation. J Dent Educ.2011 Nov;75(11):1417-25.
  • Wakai S, Suzuki N, Hattori A, Suzuki S, Uchiyama A. Real-time volumetric deformation for surgical simulation using force feedback device. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2003;94:386-8
  • Waldhalm SJ, Bushby PA. Bringing information technology into the veterinary curriculum. Seminars in Veterinary Medicine & Surgery (Small Animal) 1996;11(2):96-99
  • Walker JB, Perkins E, and Harkey HL. A novel simulation model for minimally invasive spine surgery. Neurosurgery.2009 Dec;65(6 Suppl):188-95.
  • Wall S, Brewster S. Editorial: design of haptic user-interfaces and applications. Virtual Reality. 2006 Jan; 9: 95–96
  • Walsh K. Death and cadavers: knowledge, skills and attitudes will have to change. Afr Health Sci.2013 Jun;13(2):525.
  • Wang X, Albahrani Y, Pan M, Levitt J. Skin simulators for dermatological procedures. Dermatology Online Journal. 2015,21(11)
  • Waran V, Narayanan V, Karuppiah R, Owen S, Aziz T. Utility of multimaterial 3D printers in creating models with pathological entities to enhance the training experience of neurosurgeons. Journal of Neurosurgery. 2014, 120(2):489-492