Augustine EM, and Kahana M. Effect of procedure simulation workshops on resident procedural confidence and competence. J Grad Med Educ.2012 Dec;4(4):479-85.

PMID: 24294425


Pediatrics residents perform a limited number of some procedures in the clinical setting and may benefit from procedure simulation workshops.

To examine (1) the number and types of procedures performed by pediatrics residents in the clinical setting, (2) the relationship between the number of procedures performed and self-reported procedural confidence and competence, and (3) the effect of a procedure simulation workshop on self-reported procedural confidence and competence.

Pediatrics residents at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford attended a half-day procedure workshop, rotating between 6 procedure simulation stations: vascular access, airway management, bladder catheterization, chest tube placement, lumbar puncture, and umbilical lines. Residents completed a survey immediately before and after the workshop to self-assess procedural confidence and competence.

Seventy-two residents participated in a procedure workshop. The average number of procedures performed increased significantly from intern to junior to senior year. A positive correlation was found between number of procedures performed and preworkshop confidence (P < .001, R (2)  =  0.86) and competence (P < .001, R (2)  =  0.88). For each procedure assessed, completion of the procedure simulation workshop resulted in a statistically significant (P < .001) increase in self-perceived confidence (14%-131%; average, 48%) and competence (12%-119%; average, 50%). Statistically significant (P < .05) increases remained when results for interns, juniors, and seniors were examined separately.

Procedure simulation workshops improve resident self-reported procedural confidence and competence, particularly for procedures that are least performed.