Finkleman Preparation

Producer: Sheffield BioScience Programs

This program simulates a number of experiments which may be performed on isolated segments of rabbit jejunum, as described by Finkleman in1930, to demonstrate the effects of adrenergic drugs and sympathetic nerve stimulation. Rhythmical, pendular contractions of the intestine may be recorded and the preparation may be used to investigate:

  • the effects of electrical stimulation of sympathetic nerves, on motility;
  • the effects of adrenergic drugs on spontaneous movements, inherent tone and sympathetically evoked relaxations.
  • Introduction and Methods sections combine text and high-resolution graphics to describe the preparation, the apparatus and to provide the background pharmacology.
  • In the Experiments section simulated rhythmic contractions, derived from experimental data, are presented on a chart-recorder-like display on the monitor. The user is able to select, from a menu, to investigate:
  • a range of adrenergic drugs, either alone or in certain pre-determined combinations (noradrenaline, isoprenaline, phenylephrine, tyramine, guanethidine, imipramine, alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor blockers);
  • the effects of electrically stimulating sympathetic nerves at a range of frequencies (supramaximal stimulus voltage; 1-50Hz) or
  • the effects of a range of drugs (guanethidine, imipramine, local anaesthetic, tetrodotoxin, alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs) on the response to sympathetic nerve stimulation (supra maximal stimulus voltage, 50 Hz).

The drugs, drug combinations and electrical stimulation protocols have been selected to demonstrate the essential pharmacology of the preparation.


Language Versions: English

Recommended System Requirements:


  • Microsoft Windows XP (32 bit), Windows Server 2003 (32-bit), Windows Server 2008 (32 bit), Windows Vista (32 bit), Windows 7 (32 bit and 64 bit), Windows 8
  • 2.33GHz or faster x86-compatible processor, or Intel Atom 1.6GHz or faster processor for netbooks
  • 128MB of RAM (1GB of RAM recommended for netbooks); 128MB of graphics memory
  • Internet Explorer 7.0 or later, Mozilla Firefox 4.0 or later, Google Chrome, Safari 5.0 or later, or Opera 11

Mac OS:

  • Mac OS X v10.6, v10.7, or v10.8
  • Intel Core Duo 1.83GHz or faster processor
  • 256MB of RAM; 128MB of graphics memory
  • Safari 5.0 or later, Mozilla Firefox 4.0 or later, Google Chrome, or Opera 11
  • Target Audience: university students on a range of biomedical or biological science courses (physiology, pharmacology, medicine, dentistry, health sciences) in which pharmacology is a major component.

Price: £250 (multiuser, departmental educational license)

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