Aulmann M, März M, Burgener IA, Alef M, Otto S, Mülling CK. Development and Evaluation of Two Canine Low-Fidelity Simulation Models. . J Vet Med Educ. 2015 Summer;42(2):151-60. doi: 10.3138/jvme.1114-114R. Epub 2015 May 7.

PMID: 25862399


Two self-made low-fidelity models for simulation of canine intubation and canine female urinary catheterization were developed and evaluated. We used a study design that compares acquired skills of two intervention groups and one control group in a practical examination. Fifty-eight second-year veterinary medicine students received a theoretical introduction to intubation and were randomly divided into three groups. Group I (high-fidelity) was then trained on a commercially available Intubation Training Manikin (item #2006, Veteffects), group II (low-fidelity) was trained on our low-fidelity model, and group III (text) read a text describing intubation of the dog. Forty-seven fifth-year veterinary medicine students followed the same procedure for training urinary catheterization using the commercially available Female Urinary Catheter Training Manikin (Paws 2 Claws), our self-made model, and text. Outcomes were assessed in a practical examination on a cadaver using an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) checklist. Considering a value of p≤.05 significant, intervention groups performed significantly better than the text groups. Group I (high-fidelity) and group II (low-fidelity) showed no significant differences (p≤.684, intubation; p≤.901, urinary catheterization). We thereby conclude that low-fidelity models can be as effective as high-fidelity models for clinical skills training.

Author's keywords: OSCE; clinical skills; developing low-fidelity models; evaluation of simulation models; low-fidelity model; low-fidelity simulation; simulation manikin.