Brunner S, Kröplin J, Meyer HJ, Schmitz-Rixen T, Fritz T. Einsatz chirurgischer Simulatoren in der Weiterbildung – eine deutschlandweite Analyse [Use of surgical simulators in further education-A nationwide analysis in Germany]. Chirurg. 2021 Nov;92(11):1040-1049

PMID: 33399900


[Article in German]

Background: In addition to learning theoretical knowledge, the medical specialist training in surgery necessitates the acquisition of practical surgical competences. Simulation-based teaching concepts represent an alternative to education and advanced training on patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution and implementation of surgical simulators in German hospitals.

Methods: The data analysis was carried out based on an individual on-line questionnaire with a total of 19 standardized questions. This was sent to the senior surgeons in hospitals and clinics via the email distributors of specialist societies for surgery in Germany.

Results: A total of 267 complete datasets were analyzed (response rate 12%). Of the participants 84% reported that they were active in a teaching hospital. At the time of the investigation 143 surgical simulators were in use at 35% of the hospitals and clinics included in the evaluation. There were clear regional differences between the individual federal states. Of the participants, 21.1% did not have a simulator at the hospital but the acquisition of one was planned. Simulation training was most frequently used by students (41.1%) and physicians during further education (32.5%). Simulators were not integrated into advanced surgical training in 81.8%. Of the participating hospitals, 94% showed an interest in integration into surgical specialist training in the future.

Conclusion: The results of this survey confirmed the special importance of simulation-based training for surgical education in German hospitals; however, at the same time there were clear deficits in information concerning user behavior and a deficiency in the perceived integration of simulation training in advanced training for surgery.