Clerici T, Lange J. Training facilities in minimally invasive surgery. Wien Klin Wochenenschr. 1995, 107(2):43-48


Since minimally invasive surgery makes high demands on the skill, concentration and endurance of the surgeon, requisite training in this operating technique is of overring importance. Basic training on pelvitrainers serves to enable the participant to become acquainted with the instruments and the video technique and to gain experience in handling the camera. A realistic simulation of intraoperative situations is not possible. With pulsatile organ perfusion (POP) nearly all abdominal, thoracic, vascular, urological and gynecological surgical procedures, as well as the encountered complications, can be imitated, widely replacing the need for animal experiments. Complex operations which are bound to anatomical structures, have to be practiced on anaesthetized animals, as before.