Tapia-Araya AE, Usón-Gargallo J, Enciso S, Pérez-Duarte FJ, Díaz-Güemes Martin-Portugués I, Fresno-Bermejo L, Sánchez-Margallo FM. Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills in Veterinarians Using a Canine Laparoscopic Simulator. J Vet Med Educ. 2016 Spring;43(1):71-9. doi: 10.3138/jvme.0315-034R1

PMID: 26653288


The aim of the present study was to assess the content and construct validity of the Canine Laparoscopic Simulator (CLS). Forty-two veterinarians were assigned to experienced (n=12), control (n=15), and training (n=15) groups, which were assessed while performing four laparoscopic tasks on the CLS. The initial and final assessments of all tasks were performed blindly by two experienced surgeons using the Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills (GOALS) and a task-specific checklist. At the end of the study, the subjects completed an anonymous survey. The experienced group performed all of the tasks faster, with higher GOALS and checklist scores than the training and control groups (p≤.001). In the second assessment, the training group reduced the time needed to complete all of the tasks and obtained significantly higher GOALS and checklist scores than the control group. The participants perceived the CLS and its training program to be positive or very positive. The CLS and its training program demonstrated content and construct validity, supporting the suitability of the simulator for training and teaching and its ability to distinguish the degree of experience in laparoscopic surgery among veterinarians. In addition, face validity showed that the veterinarians fully accepted the CLS's usefulness for learning basic laparoscopic skills.