Simkin DJ, Greene JA, Jung J, Sacks BC, Fessler HE. The death of animals in medical school. Engl J Med. 2017, 376(8): 713–715


Although live animals had been used in medical education for millennia, with recent changes at Johns Hopkins and the University of Tennessee, every core U.S. medical school curriculum has now ceased this practice. It is worth considering the causes and implications of this milestone.

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