Webster R, Sassani J, Shenk R, Harris M, Gerber J, Benson A, Blumenstock J, Billman C, Haluck R. Simulating the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis procedure during cataract surgery on the EYESI system. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2005; 111:592-5

PMID: 15718803


This paper describes a technique for simulating the capsulorhexis procedure during cataract surgery on the EYESI system. The continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis technique can be a difficult procedure for beginning ophthalmology surgeons. In the initial phase of tearing the tissue, the tear vector is tangential to the circumference of the tear circle. However, without the proper re-grasping of the flap of torn tissue close to the tear point, the tear vector angle quickly runs downhill possibly causing severe damage to the tissue. Novice surgeons tend to try to complete the capsulorhexis without the time consuming re-grasping of the tissue flap. Other factors such as anterior bowing of the lens diaphragm, patient age, and shallow anterior chambers add to the problematic nature of the procedure. The tissue area is modeled as a curvilinear mesh of nodes and springs. Deformation is accomplished via a physically based particle model utilizing a heuristic algorithm to constrain the deformation calculations to the locality of the tear area to speed up computations. The training software alerts the user of any potential tear problems before they occur thus instructing the novice surgeon. The EYESI hardware system (from VRMagic GmbH) provides the user with stereoscopic images thus providing 3D viewing. Our capsulorhexis simulator software models a number of tear problems and anomalies to provide a useful training environment without the dangers of using live patients.